Since the “One Belt, One Road” initiative was put forward, the concept of green development has been running through it. The “going out” Chinese enterprises have actively implemented the green “Belt and Road” construction. The huge green investment and financing space has been greatly stimulated, and it is a new generation of green products and green. Technology provides a broad market. The demand for green investment in China and overseas is expanding. The implementation of green investment, development of green finance, compliance with green development and the promotion of ecological civilization construction are the profound manifestations of the UN's 2030 sustainable development goals and China's green development concept.
Green investment has become the new engine of economic growth. Global sustainable development has entered a new stage driven by the green economy, and green investment has gradually become a new development momentum of the world's major economies. Since the establishment of the Sino-US Green Fund in 2016, China and the United States have completed investment of over 2 billion yuan and formed a reserve project pool of nearly 3 billion yuan. The main investment areas of the fund include green energy and energy conservation, green manufacturing and environmental protection, and green. Consumption and services, green travel and logistics.
Since the outbreak of the global economic crisis in 2008, the world's major economies have introduced a package of economic stimulus plans, and “green investment” has played a leading role. The US Obama administration launched a "green new deal" and regarded the green economy as a new economic growth point. Japan proposed the “Green Development Strategy” master plan. The UK develops green and smart cities, British green buildings and so on. Germany promotes a "green economy" policy. In April 2018, the German Federal Ministry of the Environment released the "Green Technology Made in Germany 2018: German Environmental Technology Atlas", showing that the green industry's contribution to Germany's GDP in 2016 was 15%, and it is expected to increase to 19% in 2025.
Under the development trend of world multi-polarization, economic globalization, social informationization and civilization diversification, the green “Belt and Road” initiative came into being. China issued a series of policy documents supporting the development of green finance, such as the "Guiding Opinions on Building a Green Financial System," which initially formed a policy framework for promoting green financial development and formed one of the world's largest green financial markets. By the end of 2018, Chinese financial institutions and enterprises had issued more than 700 billion yuan of various types of green bonds at home and abroad. According to the latest data, the scale of China's green bond issuance increased by 178% in the first quarter of 2019, becoming a favorite of foreign investors.
Green investment is an important part of building a global ecosystem. The countries along the “Belt and Road” are rich in mineral resources, but the methods of resource development and utilization are relatively extensive. Some countries have water shortages, forest vegetation coverage is small, energy resource utilization efficiency is low, pollutant emissions are large, ecological environment is fragile, and environmental carrying capacity Low, the contradiction between man and nature is sharp. How to deal with the relationship between infrastructure construction, economic and social development, and ecological and environmental sustainability is a common challenge faced by these countries.
The impact of infrastructure on the ecological environment is complex. Improvements in infrastructure have expanded the scope and intensity of human economic activity, but in the short term will lead to more emissions of greenhouse gases and pollutants. The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development clearly sets out the goal of achieving sustainable development in infrastructure by 2030: developing quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and cross-border infrastructure, Supporting economic development and upgrading human well-being, the focus is on affordable and equitable access to infrastructure. Since China proposed to build a "green silk road", it has been promoting green infrastructure construction.
China has built a green process for its foreign investment through top-level design. In September 2015, the “Overall Plan for the Reform of Ecological Civilization System” clearly stated the strategy for establishing a green financial system for the first time. In June 2016, President Xi Jinping gave a speech in Uzbekistan stressing that efforts should be made to deepen environmental cooperation, practice green development concepts, increase ecological environmental protection, and work together to create a “Green Silk Road”. In August, at the symposium on promoting the construction of the “Belt and Road”, Xi Jinping proposed to focus on creating a green silk road and let the “Belt and Road” construction benefit the people of all countries along the route. At the opening ceremony of the two “One Belt, One Road” Summit Forum, President Xi emphasized in his speech that he should implement the new concept of green development, advocate green, low-carbon, recycling and sustainable production and lifestyle, strengthen ecological and environmental cooperation, and build an ecological Civilization, together to achieve the 2030 sustainable development goals. To this end, China has jointly established the “One Belt, One Road” Sustainable Cities Alliance and the Green Development International Alliance, formulated the “One Belt, One Road” Green Investment Principles, and launched the “Caring for Children, Sharing Development, and Promoting Sustainable Development Goals” cooperation. Initiate to launch a “One Belt and One Road” eco-environmental big data service platform, implement a green silk road messenger plan, implement the “One Belt and One Road” climate change South-South cooperation plan, and deepen cooperation in agriculture, health, disaster reduction, water resources, etc. The United Nations has strengthened cooperation in the field of development and is working to narrow the development gap.